Septic tank maintenance is not just for people who live on a farm or out in the country in Georgia. The future costs of a septic tank has a lot to do with the initial septic tank installation. It is imperative to have a licensed septic tank company to install your new septic tank system.
- Solids must eventually be pumped from the tank. Many experts advise a family of four with a 1,000-gallon septic tank to have the tank pumped after three to five years of full-time use. Other experts say you can go much longer between pumping operations.
- Never attempt to open a septic tank yourself. It contains dangerous gasses and bacteria.
Protect the System from Damage
- Do not drive over the septic tank drainfield, build a structure on top of it, or cover it with concrete or asphalt.
- Plant grass on the drainfield to minimize soil erosion.
- Don’t flush or pour non-biodegradables and chemicals down the drain. These can clog the septic tank and its drainfield; certain chemicals can kill bacteria that help break down solids.
- Avoid using a garbage disposal
- Use septic safe products and chemicals
- Then every few years have the septic tank pumped (this will depend on amount of use)
Septic Tanks - Ensuring Water Quality
Septic Tanks, many of us have them, others have sewer systems. We know that they are there, we know essentially what they do, but do we take the steps monthly to make sure they are functioning correctly? Many homeowners do not know how a septic tank works and therefore how to prevent the onset of problems. Here is some basic information to help you understand what causes septic tanks to back up, and how to avoid problems and the expense of repairing them.
To begin with let's get down to the ultra-basic. A septic tank is a tank that all the waste that flushes down toilets and goes down drains and sinks in your home winds up. This tank is designed to hold this waste, while bacteria and enzymes digest the waste. Eliminating all odor and reducing the waste into a liquid, which is then dispersed through leaching fields. So as long as the tank is storing the waste, and as long as the bacteria and enzymes are digesting that waste, things are going to run smoothly.
To find the best sewer and septic treatments, it is always best to seek out the opinions of experienced third-party review sites that can provide you, as consumers, a great deal of information. As you may already know, using a normal store bought septic cleaner simply isn't going to cut the mustard. To effectively treat a problematic septic system, you need to seek out a powerful treatment, and one that you can trust. The more we understand about septic tanks, the better equipped we are to make the necessary purchases to maintain one.
Septic Systems: Their Problems and Maintenance
Class 4 septic systems are divided into two components, the septic tank and the septic field or leaching bed. Waste is piped out of the house into the septic tank, which is essentially a water clarification tank, in which anaerobic bacteria break the waste down into solids (sludge), liquid effluent, and scum.
The solids settle to the bottom, the scum floats to the top and the liquid effluent flows through an outlet pipe into a distribution chamber, where it is directed to the septic field. The septic field is an effluent water disposal system, where the liquid is channeled through perforated pipes to different parts of a field of loose gravel.
Septic tank materials that initially float in the scum layer are kept out of the drainage system by an outflow tee or baffle. If the tank is not pumped regularly, the level of solids can rise, and if it approaches the level of the outflow tee, scum and solids can proceed out into the drainage system, clogging the pipes and gravel - and eventually preventing the absorption of the water by the surrounding earth.
A Class 5 septic system is a holding tank for the storage of sewage at the site where it is produced. A typical holding tank system is comprised of a single compartment tank with a pump-out stack and an audible or visual warning device to alert the homeowner when the tank requires emptying. A holding tank is costly to operate, places restrictions of the owner, and is dependent on Class 7 (hauled) sewage system for waste collection and disposal.
General Guidelines for Purchasers
- If the system is 5-7 years old and has never been pumped it is unlikely that there are serious problems.
- If there is no record of the system having been pumped but the owner has a vague recollection of pumping the system at some time in the distant past, figure that it has never been pumped.
- If the system is over 10 years old and has never been pumped, it is possible that there has been some damage to the septic field, and if it's not been pumped for over 15 years it is quite likely.
- Flushing dye through the system looks good but will only indicate systems that are already seriously clogged, in which case there should already be more obvious signs.
- Flushing dye may not indicate serious defects or indicate systems that are close to failure but still functional.
- If you are on a septic system, adding a bedroom, even without adding a bathroom, may mean having to increase the size of the tank and drainage field.
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