Tips to be a Successful Septic Tank Owner
The average household septic tank system should be inspected at least every three years by a professional septic tank company. Residential septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Four major factors influence the frequency of septic tank pumping:
•Size of Household
•Total wastewater generated
•Volume of solids in wastewater
•Size of septic tank
What happens when a septic tank company is coming to inspect your septic tank:
When you call a Smyrna septic tank company, they will inspect for leaks and examine the scum and sludge layers in your septic tank.
It is important to keep maintenance records on the work performed on your septic tank system.
Your septic tank includes a T-shaped outlet which prevents sludge and scum from leaving the septic tank and traveling to the drainfield area. If the bottom of the scum layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the outlet, your septic tank needs to be pumped.
To keep track of when to pump out your tank, keep a diary of the sludge and scum levels found by the septic professional.
The licensed plumbing company should note repairs completed and the septic tank condition in your system’s service report. If other repairs are recommended, hire a Smyrna professional septic tank company soon.
Hydro Jetting - Washing Drain Pipes, Sewer and Conduits With Pressurized Water
Understanding septic systems capabilities and limits is needed to ensure water quality. A septic system is a type of On-Site Sewage Facility and is a self-contained, underground waste-water treatment system. By using natural processes to treat the waste-water on-site, septic systems do not require the installation of miles of sewer lines, making them less disruptive to the environment. A septic system consists of a septic tank, a distribution system and a soil absorption system, also called a drain field. The septic tank is a watertight box, sometimes made out of concrete or fiberglass, with an inlet and outlet pipe. The septic tank treats the waste-water naturally by holding it in the tank long enough for solids and liquids to separate. The waste-water forms three layers inside the tank. Solids lighter than water float to the top forming a layer of scum.
Solids heavier than water settle at the bottom of the tank forming a layer of sludge. This leaves a middle layer of partially clarified waste-water. The layers of sludge and scum remain in the septic tank where bacteria found naturally in the waste-water work to break the solids down. The sludge and scum that cannot be broken down are retained in the tank until the tank is pumped. The layer of liquid flows from the septic tank to the drain field. A drain a series of trenches lined with gravel or sand and below the ground. The drain field treats the waste-water by allowing it to slowly trickle from the pipes out into the gravel and down through the soil. The remaining impurities are trapped and disposed of in the soil. The excess water is eliminated through percolation into the soil, and eventually returning to the ground water, through evaporation, and by uptake through plants and transpiration.
The Center for Watershed Protection notes that septic systems can be effective methods of water treatment, however failures are common in many areas. Even properly functioning septic systems can leak and are not designed to effectively deal with most of the phosphorus and nitrogen load found in the water it treats. Pathogenic fecal bacteria are also a concern. The primary concern for a municipality is proper maintenance of septic systems, and in some cases the total load of partially treated pollutants that can impact local drinking water and wildlife in [post_name]. A solid understanding of septic systems capabilities and limits, and a good government plan is needed to ensure water quality.
All About Septic Tanks
An anaerobic septic system is generally what most people who have septic system already have installed. It's been the most popular type partly because there has been so little to compete with it. They don't cost that much to install, they are relatively simple to maintain, and it's been accepted that this is the standard for residential systems. While the private sector has certainly embraced the anaerobic system, municipalities do not use these at all.
An anaerobic septic system breaks down waste product at a rather slow and inefficient rate. When considering the residential use of a septic system this could be found to be acceptable. By the consistent standard use and the fact that one household would have to work pretty hard to fill up the system there has been little question as to the efficiency of the system. Municipal use of such systems simply doesn't exist. These systems can not handle the large volumes of waste that they encounter on a daily basis. Thus, industrial systems are aerobic.
Anaerobic systems also tend to discharge a foul, repugnant sludge that is thick and slimy. It turns into what is known as a bio-mat. Aside from being a hazard to the environment this is also what eventually backs up the system and requires costly repairs. It may only happen once every 20 years, but the system will eventually stop working properly because of the bio-mat. The waste product that these septic system leave behind is considered to be an environmental hazard and is generally unhealthy to live around. The aerobic systems are starting to win favor among residential units because they tend to counteract all of the general negatives that the anaerobic systems offer.