Tips to be a Successful Septic Tank Owner
The average household septic tank system should be inspected at least every three years by a professional septic tank company. Residential septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Four major factors influence the frequency of septic tank pumping:
•Size of Household
•Total wastewater generated
•Volume of solids in wastewater
•Size of septic tank
What happens when a septic tank company is coming to inspect your septic tank:
When you call a Vinings septic tank company, they will inspect for leaks and examine the scum and sludge layers in your septic tank.
It is important to keep maintenance records on the work performed on your septic tank system.
Your septic tank includes a T-shaped outlet which prevents sludge and scum from leaving the septic tank and traveling to the drainfield area. If the bottom of the scum layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the outlet, your septic tank needs to be pumped.
To keep track of when to pump out your tank, keep a diary of the sludge and scum levels found by the septic professional.
The licensed plumbing company should note repairs completed and the septic tank condition in your system’s service report. If other repairs are recommended, hire a Vinings professional septic tank company soon.
Septic Systems: The Inside Story
Understanding septic systems capabilities and limits is needed to ensure water quality. A septic system is a type of On-Site Sewage Facility and is a self-contained, underground waste-water treatment system. By using natural processes to treat the waste-water on-site, septic systems do not require the installation of miles of sewer lines, making them less disruptive to the environment. A septic system consists of a septic tank, a distribution system and a soil absorption system, also called a drain field. The septic tank is a watertight box, sometimes made out of concrete or fiberglass, with an inlet and outlet pipe. The septic tank treats the waste-water naturally by holding it in the tank long enough for solids and liquids to separate. The waste-water forms three layers inside the tank. Solids lighter than water float to the top forming a layer of scum.
Solids heavier than water settle at the bottom of the tank forming a layer of sludge. This leaves a middle layer of partially clarified waste-water. The layers of sludge and scum remain in the septic tank where bacteria found naturally in the waste-water work to break the solids down. The sludge and scum that cannot be broken down are retained in the tank until the tank is pumped. The layer of liquid flows from the septic tank to the drain field. A drain a series of trenches lined with gravel or sand and below the ground. The drain field treats the waste-water by allowing it to slowly trickle from the pipes out into the gravel and down through the soil. The remaining impurities are trapped and disposed of in the soil. The excess water is eliminated through percolation into the soil, and eventually returning to the ground water, through evaporation, and by uptake through plants and transpiration.
The Center for Watershed Protection notes that septic systems can be effective methods of water treatment, however failures are common in many areas. Even properly functioning septic systems can leak and are not designed to effectively deal with most of the phosphorus and nitrogen load found in the water it treats. Pathogenic fecal bacteria are also a concern. The primary concern for a municipality is proper maintenance of septic systems, and in some cases the total load of partially treated pollutants that can impact local drinking water and wildlife in [post_name]. A solid understanding of septic systems capabilities and limits, and a good government plan is needed to ensure water quality.
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What is a Sewage Pump?
A sewage pump is used to transfer sewage liquids and solids from one place to another. Usually, in residential applications, sewage includes soft solids up to 2" in diameter is pumped from a sewage basin to a sewer system or a septic tank. A sewage pump is installed at the lowest point of the sewage basin.
Since the pump is submerged most of the time, it is also referred to as a submersible sewage pump. Sewage pump can be automatic, manual or dual mode. A dual mode pump contains a piggyback plug, which allows the pump to be used as either manual, wherein the pump bypasses the switch and is plugged in directly into the socket or as automatic, wherein the pump is plugged in through the floating switch and works only when the switch is activated.
Due to a possibility of sewage overflow, it is generally not advised to use a manual sewage pump inside of a sewage basin.
Sewage pumps are centrifugal pumps, with special design enabling solids to pass without clogging the pump. When the pump is turned on, the motor starts to rotate the impeller, creating the pressure that pushes water into the impeller and goes into the discharge pipe.
The sewage pump is powered through a 10-25 ft. electric cord. Depending on the model, the voltage can be 115, 230, 460, or 575 volts. The pump housing, which contains a motor and an impeller, is made with cast iron and is built for long term use.
Types of Sewage Pumps
• Check for a small 3/16 to 3/8 inch weep hole in the discharge pipe directly above it.
• Visually inspect all alarm mechanisms (if applicable), exposed metal parts and connections for corrosion. You may apply a silicone water repellant spray to deter corrosion. Refer to manufacturer usage instructions to apply silicone spray.
• Verify that there is a check valve in place on the drain line just above the pump cover. Contact a licensed plumber in [post_name] to add a check valve if one is not present.
• Check to make sure the air gap in between the interior and exterior discharge pipes should be open and clear of debris.
There are many pumping station facilities, including pumps and equipment for pumping fluids from one place to another. They are used for a variety of infrastructure systems, such as supplying water to canals, and the removal of sewage to the processing site. This station in sewage collection system also called lift station, are designed to handle raw sewage that is fed from underground pipelines.
Businesses in [post_name] can benefit from using sewage pumps as it can handle loads of water in a small amount of time. It is cost efficient if you have a sewage pump to handle those unwanted water and wet waste.
Learn more about how sewage pumps work and how they can help your business.