Tips to be a Successful Septic Tank Owner
The average household septic tank system should be inspected at least every three years by a professional septic tank company. Residential septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Four major factors influence the frequency of septic tank pumping:
•Size of Household
•Total wastewater generated
•Volume of solids in wastewater
•Size of septic tank
What happens when a septic tank company is coming to inspect your septic tank:
When you call a Woodstock septic tank company, they will inspect for leaks and examine the scum and sludge layers in your septic tank.
It is important to keep maintenance records on the work performed on your septic tank system.
Your septic tank includes a T-shaped outlet which prevents sludge and scum from leaving the septic tank and traveling to the drainfield area. If the bottom of the scum layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the outlet, your septic tank needs to be pumped.
To keep track of when to pump out your tank, keep a diary of the sludge and scum levels found by the septic professional.
The licensed plumbing company should note repairs completed and the septic tank condition in your system’s service report. If other repairs are recommended, hire a Woodstock professional septic tank company soon.
All About Septic Tanks
Understanding septic systems capabilities and limits is needed to ensure water quality. A septic system is a type of On-Site Sewage Facility and is a self-contained, underground waste-water treatment system. By using natural processes to treat the waste-water on-site, septic systems do not require the installation of miles of sewer lines, making them less disruptive to the environment. A septic system consists of a septic tank, a distribution system and a soil absorption system, also called a drain field. The septic tank is a watertight box, sometimes made out of concrete or fiberglass, with an inlet and outlet pipe. The septic tank treats the waste-water naturally by holding it in the tank long enough for solids and liquids to separate. The waste-water forms three layers inside the tank. Solids lighter than water float to the top forming a layer of scum.
Solids heavier than water settle at the bottom of the tank forming a layer of sludge. This leaves a middle layer of partially clarified waste-water. The layers of sludge and scum remain in the septic tank where bacteria found naturally in the waste-water work to break the solids down. The sludge and scum that cannot be broken down are retained in the tank until the tank is pumped. The layer of liquid flows from the septic tank to the drain field. A drain a series of trenches lined with gravel or sand and below the ground. The drain field treats the waste-water by allowing it to slowly trickle from the pipes out into the gravel and down through the soil. The remaining impurities are trapped and disposed of in the soil. The excess water is eliminated through percolation into the soil, and eventually returning to the ground water, through evaporation, and by uptake through plants and transpiration.
The Center for Watershed Protection notes that septic systems can be effective methods of water treatment, however failures are common in many areas. Even properly functioning septic systems can leak and are not designed to effectively deal with most of the phosphorus and nitrogen load found in the water it treats. Pathogenic fecal bacteria are also a concern. The primary concern for a municipality is proper maintenance of septic systems, and in some cases the total load of partially treated pollutants that can impact local drinking water and wildlife in [post_name]. A solid understanding of septic systems capabilities and limits, and a good government plan is needed to ensure water quality.
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Septic tanks are designed to hold human biological waste material right until bacteria break it down into gases, solids and water. The tank itself is usually made from concrete, but can also be built from non-degradable materials. It is very important to take proper care and maintain your septic system so that they work properly at all times.
Septic Systems And Their Problems
Some of the most common problems in septic systems are the following:
• Use Of Strong Chemicals: Toxic chemicals such as gasoline, motor oil, solvents, pesticides and other chemical products that are put into the drain harm the nearby soil, making it unfit for the growth of plants. They also destroy the bacteria needed to break down the waste in the tank.
• Flushing Down Non-Biodegradable Items: These items never break down naturally and only fill up space. It only ups the liquid levels in the tank and causes clogging.
• Too Much Water In The Tank: When there is too much water in the tank, the waste does not get a chance to break down, and this eventually blocks the distribution tubes.
• Use Of Too Much Detergent: Overuse of detergents cause a lot of problems with your pipes and tanks as the excess residue can stick to the sides and corrode the pipes.
These are just some of the common problems and preventive measures that you need to keep in mind when it comes to your septic tanks.